Successful collaboration begins with a shared language, hence the need for a glossary. This joint effort of contributors from several teams ensures, on the one hand, terminological and conceptual coherence across not only our theoretical approaches, but also the qualitative case studies and quantitative research conducted in OPPORTUNITIES. On the other hand, our glossary facilitates communication between the academic side of the project and the fieldwork conducted by NGOs, uniting our teams working from Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Ghana, Italy, Mauritania, the Netherlands, Portugal, Romania and Senegal.

For more information about the Structure and Objectives of the Glossary, click here...)

The term discrimination refers to any distinction, exclusion, or preference on the basis of any personal, legal, or other characteristics. According to Article 1.1.(a) of the Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention, 1958, No. 111 by the International Labour Organization, the term discrimination includes “any distinction, exclusion or preference made on the basis of race, colour, sex, religion, political opinion, national extraction or social origin, which has the effect of nullifying or impairing equality of opportunity or treatment in employment or occupation.” One may add migration and residency status to the list of grounds for discrimination.

⇢ see also: Epistemic injusticeGender, InequalityMigration, Politics of mobility, Race

References and further reading:

International Labour Office. 1958. Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention, 1958, No. 111. URL:

Category: A

Work Package: 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8