Successful collaboration begins with a shared language, hence the need for a glossary. This joint effort of contributors from several teams ensures, on the one hand, terminological and conceptual coherence across not only our theoretical approaches, but also the qualitative case studies and quantitative research conducted in OPPORTUNITIES. On the other hand, our glossary facilitates communication between the academic side of the project and the fieldwork conducted by NGOs, uniting our teams working from Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Ghana, Italy, Mauritania, the Netherlands, Portugal, Romania and Senegal.

For more information about the Structure and Objectives of the Glossary, click here...)

The term forced migration – or forced displacement – refers to those who had to leave their place of usual residence under duress of war, conflict, natural or environmental disasters. For more details, see the entry on the term in the Migration Data Portal.

⇢ see also: Asylum; Asylum seekerMigrantMigration

References and further reading:

The International Organization for Migration. 2021. “Forced Migration or Displacement.” Migration Data Portal. URL:

Work Package: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8