Successful collaboration begins with a shared language, hence the need for a glossary. This joint effort of contributors from several teams ensures, on the one hand, terminological and conceptual coherence across not only our theoretical approaches, but also the qualitative case studies and quantitative research conducted in OPPORTUNITIES. On the other hand, our glossary facilitates communication between the academic side of the project and the fieldwork conducted by NGOs, uniting our teams working from Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Ghana, Italy, Mauritania, the Netherlands, Portugal, Romania and Senegal.

For more information about the Structure and Objectives of the Glossary, click here...)

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Mobility studies

The recent “‘humanities turn’ in mobility studies” (Aguiar et al. 2019, 4; see also Merriman and Pearce 2018) has inspired many literary scholars and cultural theorists to engage with the “new mobilities paradigm” (Sheller and Urry 2006) in the social sciences. New mobilities studies put the notion of mobility at the center of their research agenda, as they set out to investigate different forms and practices of mobility, such as migration, travel, tourism, and transportation (Urry 2007, 6–8), different “figures of mobility” (Salazar 2017), such as the migrant, the refugee, the nomad, or the vagabond, as well as the nexus between mobilities and immobilities (Hannam et al. 2006) from an interdisciplinary perspective. Within this vibrant cross-disciplinary research field, “mobility humanities” seek to contribute to the “discussions on the phenomena, technologies, and infrastructures of mobility and its ramifications from a humanities perspective, specifically focusing on their cultural-political, ethical, and spiritual and emotional meanings” (Shin and Lee 2022, 3).

⇢ see also Mobility, Politics of mobility

References and further reading:

Aguiar, Marian, Charlotte Mathieson, and Lynne Pearce. 2019. “Introduction: Mobilities, Literature, Culture.” In Mobilities, Literature, Culture, edited by Marian Aguiar, Charlotte Mathieson, and Lynne Pearce, 1–31. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan.

Hannam, Kevin, Mimi Sheller, and John Urry. 2006. “Editorial: Mobilities, Immobilities and Moorings.” Mobilities 1.1: 1–22.

Merriman, Peter, and Lynne Pearce, eds. 2018. Mobility and the Humanities. London and New York, NY: Routledge.

Salazar, Noel. B. 2017. “Key Figures of Mobility: An Introduction.” Social Anthropology 25.1: 5–12.

Sheller, Mimi, and John Urry. 2006. “The New Mobilities Paradigm.” Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space 38.2: 2017–226.

Shin, Inseop, and Jinhyoung Lee. 2022. “Introduction: The Humanities in the Age of High Mobility.” Mobility Humanities 1.1: 1–5.

Urry, John. 2007. Mobilities. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Category: A

Work Package: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8



Moral imagination

Moral imagination is the ability to conceive of alternatives to the status quo with regard to the moral standards of the persons involved. According to John Paul Lederach (2005, 5), “the moral imagination requires the capacity to imagine ourselves in a web of relationships that includes our enemies; the ability to sustain a paradoxical curiosity that embraces complexity without reliance on dualistic polarity; the fundamental belief in and pursuit of the creative act.”

⇢ see also Cross Talk, Perspective taking

References and further reading:

Lederach, John Paul. The Moral Imagination. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Category: A

Work Package: 2, 3, 6, 7

[BBK / CS / FK]



Generally, multiperspectivity means looking at an issue such as migration and integration from various angles, for example by approaching it with different methods or by encouraging an open and fair dialogue between migrants, citizens, politicians, and other stakeholders in Cross Talk events. In stories, multiperspectivity means that several viewpoints are presented to offer the audience a more diverse or nuanced picture.

Level Telling Fields promote multiperspectivity in public conversations, such as migration discourses. Two forms can be distinguished: Horizontal multiperspectivity occurs when an issue is represented from different angles, allowing for debate – e.g., in policy narratives, scientific research, or media reports – or when a wide range of migrant experiences (countries of origin, age, gender, status) are represented in migration discourses. Vertical multiperspectivity occurs when different kinds of perspective (e.g., life stories and official narratives) are represented together. While horizontal multiperspectivity is the norm in democratic, open societies, vertical multiperspectivity is often difficult to achieve. The Level Telling Field promotes both types of multiperspectivity to create conditions for a fair dialogue on migration and integration.

⇢ see Cross Talk, Level Telling Field, PolyphonyScale

References and further reading:

Hartner, Marcus. 2014. “Multiperspectivity.” In The Living Handbook of Narratology, edited by Peter Hühn, Jan Christoph Meister, John Pier, and Wolf Schmid. URL:

Category: B

Work Package: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7